Keratosis Pilaris (or KP) is a very common skin condition which appears as tiny red bumps on the skin. They are typically found on the arms, cheeks, or thighs. It is caused by a buildup of keratin; a protein found in skin and hair that protects it from infections and harmful substances.
When keratin is built up in the skin, it forms a plug that clogs the pores and blocks the hair follicles. As a result, clusters of red bumps and patchy skin appear, which can be mistaken for a rash. KP is harmless, does not itch or hurt, and cannot be spread from one person to another.
KP flare ups are typically exacerbated during the winter when there is lower humidity. Many people who suffer from dry skin or eczema also suffer from KP.
Light exfoliation, which helps to remove the keratin buildup in the hair follicles, and hydration, which will soften the dry skin, are the best ways to treat KP. I recommend Biologique Recherche’s Lotion P50 Corps, as it removes dead skin cells on the epidermis, without being too harsh.
To prevent keratin from building up in the follicles, I like using topical treatments that contain vitamin A, which promotes cell turnover, such as Environ's Derma Lac Lotion mixed with their Vitamin A, C, and E Body Oil, which I massage in with Biologique Recherche's Massage Glove for stimulation, deeper penetration of product, and a light exfoliation.
When treating Keratosis Pilaris, it is important to keep in mind that clearing bumps and rough patches on the skin takes time, and most changes are not visible immediately. With consistent exfoliation and hydration, this condition can lessen significantly over time.